Domaine Yves Cuilleron
The Cuilleron family domaine, located in the hamlet of Verlieu (part of the town of Chavanay), was founded several generations ago, in 1920. Yves Cuilleron's grandfather was the first to bottle wine for commercial purposes in 1947. Antoine Cuilleron, the uncle and immediate predecessor of Yves, assumed control of the domaine in 1960 and significantly increased the percentage of wine bottled at the estate and extended the scope of the domaine. Yves assumed full ownership and direction of the domaine in 1987 and, since that time, has built an entirely new facility while at the same time acquiring additional vineyard property. The domaine is now (as of 2012) significantly larger in scope with 52 hectares of vineyards that cover multiple appellations, including principally, Condrieu, Saint-Joseph Rouge and Blanc, Côte-Rôtie, Saint Péray and a series of Vin de Pays from the Collines Rhodaniennes.
Most of the vineyards are situated in and around the commune of Chavanay which is just south of the town of Condrieu; obviously, the holdings in Côte-Rôtie extend north into Ampuis and the holdings the furthest south are in the village of Saint Péray. A large majority of the vineyards are set on terraces which makes most mechanization difficult, if not impossible. Thus, much of the vineyard work continues to be done by hand. To control yields, Cuilleron does extensive debudding and, when necessary, practices a green harvest.
In the cave, the grapes (harvested manually) are fermented using indigenous yeasts. The fermentation of the AOC white wines is done in small barrel of one to four years age; malolactic fermentation is done in barrel as well. The aging continues for nine months before the wines are bottled. The whites are in constant contact with the lees during elevage with regular batonnage. The whites are lightly filtered before bottling. The AOC reds are partially destemmed and the fermentation occurs in open top tanks for approximately three weeks. Pigeage and remontage are done regularly throughout the cuvaison. After the alcoholic fermentation the reds are racked into small barrel (aged between one and four years) for an elevage of approximately eighteen months. The reds are bottled with an egg-white fining but no filtration. The IGP wines undergo a more brief aging (between six to eight months), some in barrel and some in stainless steel, depending on the cuvée.
"It’s nice to see Yves Cuilleron’s red wines finally getting the same amount of attention and respect in the market as has long been given to his outstanding Condrieu bottlings. Yves isn’t shy about using new oak and his top bottlings often see up to 50% new barrels, with no deleterious effect, at least to my taste. Cuilleron points out that his wines are meant to age and “if you give them the time they need, the oak recedes and the terroir is clear, with the fruit remaining fresh.” I have always enjoyed this domaine’s wines in brighter, fresher vintages like 2014, 2013 and 2012, and 2016 fits nicely into that small group. While I understand and agree with Cuilleron’s assertion that his wines are built to cellar, I do think that these 2016s will be approachable quite soon and then hold up nicely toward their 15th birthdays, such is their balance and tannin integration."